Causes of Civil War U.S. – What is War of 1812 – U.S. History 1809-1861

Founders and Frontiersmen; Historic Places Commemorating Early Nationhood and the Westward Movement, 1783-1828

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept of the Interior, National Park Service 1967 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Volume 7 in The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings.

The book is divided into two parts. Part I, “Founders and Frontiersmen: Historical Background” is a 90-page history of the period. Part II, “Founders and Frontiersmen: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings” covers roughly 140 historic sites, providing a description of each site, historical background, status as a designated historical landmark, and for many sites, photos.

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Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Historic Places Associated with the Mining, Ranching, and Farming Frontiers in the Trans-Mississippi West

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept. of Interior, National Park Service 1967 Dewey Dec. 973.6

This is a volume in the series, “The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings”. Part I: Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Historical Background; Part II: Prospector, Cowhand, and Sodbuster: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Over 200 sites are profiled in Part II.
The settlement of the portion of the America west of the Mississippi essentially began in 1803 with the Louisiana purchase. This book covers the settlement of the west throughout much of the 19th century, providing information about historically significant or representative buildings and sites that have been preserved.

Soldier and Brave: Historic Places Associated with Indian Affairs and the Indian Wars in the Trans-Mississippi West

Ferris, Robert G., ed.
U.S. Dept. of Interior, National Park Service 1971 Dewey Dec. 973.6

This is a volume in the series, “The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings”.
“The sites and buildings described in this volume represent a colorful phase of American history. Yet, it was a tragic era. It has also been distorted in the popular mind by television and motion picture presentations. Visits to pertinent historic sites will do much to dispel the myths associated with the period and contribute to better understanding of its complexities.” -Director, National Park Service

Part I: Soldier and Brave: Historical Background. Part II: Soldier and Brave: Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Over 200 sites are profiled and described.

Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: the Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War

Foner, Eric
Oxford University 1979 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“An indispensable contribution to our understanding of the causes of the American Civil War. A key work in establishing political ideology as a major concern of modern American historians, it remains the only full-scale evaluation of the ideas of the early Republican party… By a careful analysis of the attitudes of leading factions in the [Republican] party’s formation (northern Whigs, former Democrats, and political abolitionists) Foner is able to show what each contributed to Republican ideology. He also shows how northern ideas of human rights–in particular a man’s right to work where and how he wanted, and to accumulate property in his own name–and the goals of American society were implicit in that ideology.” -Publisher

Contents: Free labor: the Republicans and northern society — The Republican critique of the south — Salmon P. Chase: the constitution and the slave power — The radicals: anti-slavery politics and the moral imperative — The Democratic Republicans — Conservatives and moderates — The Republicans and nativism — The Republicans and race — Slavery and the Republican ideology.

Westward Extension 1841-1850 (American Nation, Vol. 17)

Garrison, George Pierce
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Within the period covered in this book “…are such hotly contested questions as the responsibility for the breach between Tyler and the Whigs; the real boundaries of Texas under Spanish and Mexican rule; the progress of negotiation for the annexation of Texas; …discussion of the Slidell Mission of 1845; the responsibility for the Mexican War; and the origin of the Wilmot Proviso.” -Editor’s Intro

Contents: 1. The Expansion Movement (1790-1841) 2. The Field for Expansion (1800-1841) 3. Election of 1840 (1839-1840) 4. The Quarrel between Tyler and the Whigs (1841-1842) 5. Adjustment of the Maine Boundary Controversy (1841-1842) 6. The Texan Question (1819-1841) 7. The Boundary of Texas (1748-1841) 8. Diplomatic Negotiations for the Annexation of Texas (1841-1844) 9. The Election of 1844 (1843-1844) 10. Annexation of Texas by Joint Resolution of Congress (1844-1846) 11. Adjustment of the Oregon Controversy (1827-1846) 12. Fiscal Reorganization and Tariff Readjustment (1841-1846) 13. The Rupture with Mexico (1843-1846) 14. The Slidell Mission (August, 1845-March, 1846) 15. Conquering a Peace (1846-1848) 16. The Wilmot Proviso (I846-I847) 17. The Election of 1848 (1847-1848) 18. Isthmian Diplomacy (1846-1850) 19. The Complex Slavery Issue (1847-1849) 20. The Compromise of 1850 (1849-1850) 21. Critical Essay on Authorities

History of the Rebellion; its Authors and Causes – Causes of Civil War in America

Giddings, Joshua R.
NY: Follet, Foster 1864 Dewey Dec. 973.6

The author, Joshua Reed Giddings (1795-1864), was an American attorney, politician and a prominent opponent of slavery. He represented Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1838–59. He was at first a member of the Whig Party and was later a Republican, helping found the party. This book is based largely on his own experience in Congress in the years leading up to the Civil War.

“The present Rebellion is the first in the annals of mankind, where a people have risen in arms against liberty for the purpose of establishing a despotism. With its remote and proximate causes the people should be familiar; its authors and abettors should be known to the present and coming generations…. ” Author’s Preface

Prologue to Conflict, the Crisis and Compromise of 1850 – What is Compromise of 1850

Hamilton, Holman
University of Kentucky 1964 Dewey Dec. 973.6

The crisis facing the United States in 1850 was a dramatic prologue to the conflict that came a decade later. The rapid opening of western lands demanded the speedy establishment of local civil administration for these vast regions. Outraged partisans, however, cried of coercion: Southerners saw a threat to the precarious sectional balance, and Northerners feared an extension of slavery. In this definitive study, Holman Hamilton analyzes the complex events of the anxious months from December, 1849, when the Senate debates began, until September, 1850, when Congress passed the measures.

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A Review of the Political Conflict in America, from the Commencement of the Anti-slavery Agitation to the Close of Southern Reconstruction …

comprising also a résumé of the career of Thaddeus Stevens: being a survey of the struggle of parties which destroyed the republic and virtually monarchized its government

Harris, Alexander
NY: Pollock 1876 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“He [the author] claims, as a free citizen, the right to present the reasons, which ever induced him to condemn the war against the South and its prosecution. He has presented these openly and fearlessly; records for all time his conviction, that the war was wholly unwarranted by the Federal Constitution; and he believes the time will come when the majority of the American people will be fully convinced that coercion was an unwise policy, adopted to preserve republican government. Not only unwise, will they come to see it to have been, but wholly suicidal to the institutions it was meant to preserve.” – Author’s Preface

The author was a lawyer in Lancaster, PA, who had consistently opposed the Civil War from the beginning. Here he presents the case against the war from the perspective of a northern opponent.

Slavery and Abolition 1831-1841 (American Nation, Vol. 16) – Abolition Slavery

Hart, Albert Bushnell
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“The book has the double purpose of describing the conditions of slavery and the state of mind of those interested for it or against it, and at the same time of recording the events which mark the anti-slavery agitation.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: 1. American Social Characteristics (1830-1860) 2. The Intellectual Life (1830-1840) 3. The Era of Transportation (1830-1850) 4. Slavery as an Economic System (1607-1860) 5. The Slave-Holder and his Neighbors (1830-1860) 6. The Free Negro (1830-1860) 7. Plantation Life (1830-1860) 8. Control of the Slaves (1830-1860) 9. The Slave-Market (1830-1860) 10. The Defence of Slavery (1830-1860) 11. The Anti-Slavery Movement (1624-1840) 12. Garrisonian Abolition (1830-1845) 13. Non-Garrisonian Abolition (1830-1860) 14. The Abolition Propaganda (1831-1840) 15. The Abolitionist and the Slave (1830-1840) 16. The Abolitionist and the Slave-Holder (1830-1860) 17. Abolition and Government (1830-1840) 18. Anti-Slavery in Congress (1831-1840) 19. Interstate and International Relations of Slavery (1822-1842) 20. Panic of 1837 (1837-1841) 21. The Effects of Abolition (1830-1860) 22. Critical Essay on Authorities

The Abolition Crusade and its Consequences – Abolition Slavery

Herbert, Hilary Abner
NY: Scribner’s Sons 1912 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“The author is undertaking to write a connected story of events that happened, most of them, in his lifetime, and as to many of the most important of which he has vivid recollections… The subject divides itself naturally into four historic periods: 1. The anti-slavery crusade, 1831 to 1860; 2. Secession and four years of war, 1861 to 1865; 3. Reconstruction under the Lincoln-Johnson plan, with the overthrow by Congress of that plan and the rule of the negro and carpet-bagger, from 1865 to 1876; 4. Restoration of self-government in the South, and the results that have followed. The greater part of the book is devoted to the first period – 1831 to 1860, the period of causation.” – Author’s Preface

Hilary Abner Herbert (1834-1919) was Secretary of the Navy in President Cleveland’s 2nd administration, and served as a Member of the House of Representatives from Alabama. During the Civil War he served Alabama as an officer in the Confederate Army.

What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848

Howe, Daniel Walker
Oxford Univ. 2007 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“In this Pulitzer prize-winning, critically acclaimed addition to the series ‘Oxford History of the United States’, historian Daniel Walker Howe illuminates the period from the battle of New Orleans to the end of the Mexican-American War, an era when the United States expanded to the Pacific and won control over the richest part of the North American continent. Howe’s panoramic narrative portrays revolutionary improvements in transportation and communications that accelerated the extension of the American empire. Railroads, canals, newspapers, and the telegraph dramatically lowered travel times and spurred the spread of information. These innovations prompted the emergence of mass political parties and stimulated America’s economic development from an overwhelmingly rural country to a diversified economy in which commerce and industry took their place alongside agriculture. In his story, the author weaves together political and military events with social, economic, and cultural history.” -Publisher

Contents: Prologue : The defeat of the past — 1. The continental setting — 2. From the jaws of defeat — 3. An era of good and bad feelings — 4. The world that cotton made — 5. Awakenings of religion — 6. Overthrowing the tyranny of distance — 7. The improvers — 8. Pursuing the millennium — 9. Andrew Jackson and his age — 10. Battles over sovereignty — 11. Jacksonian democracy and the rule of law — 12. Reason and revelation — 13. Jackson’s third term — 14. The new economy — 15. The Whigs and their age — 16. American renaissance — 17. Texas, Tyler, and the telegraph — 18. Westward the star of empire — 19.The war against Mexico — 20. The revolutions of 1848 — Finale : A vision of the future — Bibliographical essay

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Daily Life on the Nineteenth Century American Frontier

Jones, Mary Ellen
Greenwood 1998 Dewey Dec. 973.5

This study examines the daily lives of ordinary men and women who flooded into the Trans-Mississippi West in search of land, fortune, a fresh start, and a new identity. Their daily life was rarely easy. If they were to survive, they had to adapt to the land and modify every aspect of their lives, from housing to transportation, from education to defense, from food gathering and preparation to the establishment of rudimentary laws and social structures. They also had to adapt to the Native Americans already on the land–whether through acculturation, warfare, or coexistence.
Jones provides insight into the experiences that affected the daily lives of the diverse people who inhabited the American frontier: the Native Americans, trappers, explorers, ranchers, homesteaders, soldiers and townspeople. This fascinating book gives a sense of the extraordinary ordinariness of surviving, prospering, failing, and dying in a new land; and explores how these westering Americans inevitably displaced those already bound to the land by tradition, culture, and religion.

Contents: The American frontier : simple stereotype, complex reality — Life on the fur frontier — Life on the explorers’ frontier — Life on the miners’ frontier : the new Eldorado — Life on the land : Alien exotics-cowboys and settlers — The Indian frontier and the frontier regulars : the army and the Indians on the Great Plains.

American Naval Battles: Being a Complete History of the Battles Fought by the Navy of the United States

From its establishment in 1794 to the present time; including the wars with France and Tripoli, the late war with Great Britain, and with Algiers; with an account of the attack on Baltimore, and of the Battle of New Orleans

Kimball, Horace
Boston: Gaylord 1840 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Speeches and Writings, 1832-1858

Lincoln, Abraham
Literary Classics of the U.S. 1989 Dewey Dec. 973.5

A collection of over 240 speeches, letters, and drafts written by Abraham Lincoln between 1832 and 1858, the period during which he progressed from rural lawyer to the office of President of the United States. Based on the 8-volume “Collected Works” edited by Basler et al., contains all seven of the Lincoln-Douglas debates, as well as speeches that attacked the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and ‘squatter sovereignty’ in the territories.

From Jefferson to Lincoln (Home University Library of Modern Knowledge)

MacDonald, William
1913 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“An admirably condensed yet readable survey of United States history from 1815 to 1860, ‘restricted chiefly to the exposition of three lines of development, namely, constitutional growth, the rise and progress of political parties and slavery.’ Short bibliography.” NY State Library

Contents: 1. The United States in 1815 2. Economic and Political Readjustment, 1815-1828 3. Jacksonian Democracy, 1828-1837 4. Slavery and Abolition, 1815-1840 5. Texas and Oregon 6. The War with Mexico 7. The Compromise of 1850 8. The United States in the Early Fifties 9. The Repeal of the Missouri Compromise 10. The Struggle for Kansas 11. The New Republicanism 12. Union or Disunion

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Jacksonian Democracy 1829-1837 (American Nation, Vol. 15) – Presidency of Andrew Jackson

MacDonald, William
1906 Dewey Dec. 973.5

“The aggressive personality of Andrew Jackson is made to dominate the solution of the great questions of national policy paramount during the years 1829-37. The study reveals the president and man, and shows the evolution of the political principles upon which a new democratic party was founded” Book Review Digest

Contents: 1. The United States in the Thirties (1829-1837) 2. Early Public Life of Jackson (1767-1823) 3. Election of 1828 (1824-1829) 4. The Beginning of Personal Politics (1829-1837) 5. Tariff and Nullification (1816-1829) 6. The Great Debate on the Constitution (1829-1830) 7. The Bank of the United States (1823-1832) 8. Internal Improvements (1796-1837) 9. Nullification in South Carolina (1829-1833) 10. Indian Affairs (1825-1837) 11. Election of 1832 (1830-1833) 12. Foreign Affairs under Jackson (1829-1837) 13. Removal of the Deposits (1832-1837) 14. Changes and Reforms (1829-1837) 15. The States in Jackson’s Time (1829-1837) 16. Public Lands and the Specie Circular (1829-1837) 17. The Election of 1836 (1836-1837) 18. The Personality of Jackson 19. Critical Essay on Authorities

Sea Power in its Relations to the War of 1812 vol 1 – The War of 1812 Battles

– Volume 2

Mahan, Alfred T., Captain
1905 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Scholarly history of the naval operations of the War of 1812. Contains a valuable discussion of the causes of the war. Illustrations and outline maps.

Contents: 1. Colonial Conditions 2. From Independence to Jay’s Treaty 3. From Jay’s Treaty to the Orders in Council, 1794-1807 4. From the Orders in Council to War 5. The Theatre of Operations 6. Early Cruises and Engagements. Hull’s Operations and Surrender 7. Operations on the Northern Frontier after Hull’s Surrender. European Events bearing on the War 8. Ocean Warfare against Commerce – Privateering – British Licenses – Naval Actions: “Wasp” and “Frolic”, “United States” and “Macedonian”

The Nebraska Question, 1852-1854

Malin, James C.
Edward Brothers 1953 Dewey Dec. 973.6

Contents: Motives of Stephen A. Douglas in the organization of Nebraska Territory – Introduction to northwestern Missouri – Election of 1852 – Western Issues, 1852-1853 – Nebraska Boomer movement and the Pacific Railroad – Fillmore-Pierce Interregnum: Nebraska Question and the Pacific Railroad in Congress, 1852-1853 – Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and the new slavery agitation – Nebraska momentum, March-November 1853 – Immediate settlement: the Boomer movement gained momentum – Proviisonal Government of Nebraska, 1853 – Nebraska Delegate Convention at St. Joseph, Missouri, Jan. 9-10, 1854 – Convention in session, and aftermath – The Nebraska and Kansas Bill in Congress, 1854 – Local Missouri Politics: political party dissension and mandate, 1854 – Beginnings in Kansas and Nebraska – Epilogue: The implication of the mechanization of society during the mid-nineteenth century.

Diplomatic Relations of Texas and the United States, 1839-1843

Marshall, Thomas Maitland
Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association April 1912 Dewey Dec. 973.5

A 25-page article from a historical journal. Texas was an independent Republic from 1836, when it gained independence from Mexico, until 1845 when it was annexed by the United States. This paper covers a period of active diplomacy between Texas and the U.S., including discussions around joining the U.S.

Society in America

– Volume 2

Martineau, Harriet
Saunders & Otley 1837 Dewey Dec. 973.5

Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) was an English social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist. This book resulted from a two-year stay in America, where she traveled through some 23 states and territories; normally by stagecoach, but sometimes on foot. She provided an entertaining travel account as well as thoughtful observations on Americans and American institutions. She is often critical of the inconsistencies she found between America’s democratic ideals and the restraints on African-Americans and women.

Men and Measures of Half a Century: Sketches and Comments

McCulloch, Hugh
NY: Scribner 1888 Dewey Dec. 973.5

The author was the Secretary of the Treasury during the administrations of Lincoln, Johnson and Arthur. He wrote in his introduction that this memoir were written for friends and family. It contains many observations on colleagues and other public persons who he knew from the 1830s to the 1880s, and also addresses issues of political and economic policy with which he was involved.

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The Monroe Doctrine and American Expansionism, 1843-1849 – Presidency of James K. Polk

Merk, Frederick
Knopf 1966 Dewey Dec. 973.6

“[This book] describes the thesis persistently advanced by Presidents John Tyler and James K. Polk that United States expansion into neighboring territory was necessary as a means of defense—to make secure vital national interests against aggression or interference by European powers. Drawing on documentation from many new sources, Mr. Merk points out the application of this thesis by the expansionists to the acquisition of Texas, Oregon, and California and to unsuccessful attempts to acquire Yucatån and Cuba. In each case James Monroe’s famous message to Congress in 1823 was cited to justify expansion.” -Publisher

Contents: Prologue – Foreign interference in Texas – Balance of power – British intruders in Oregon – British eyes on California – The true boundary – European intervention in the Mexican War? – Yucatan and the Mare Clausum – British designs on Cuba – Reflections

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