After the Civil War Reconstruction – America in the 1890s – 1880s in America

Documents Relating to Reconstruction – After the Civil War Reconstruction

Fleming, Walter L., ed.
Morgantown, WV: 1904 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Walter L. Fleming was a Professor of History at West Virginia University. He collected here about 35 documents of interest for Reconstruction, and provided a few pages’ introduction of the historical background for each chapter.

Contents: 1. The Knights of the White Camelia 2. Ku Klux Klan 3. The Union League of America 4. & 5. Public Frauds in South Carolina 6. & 7. The Freedmen’s Bureau 8. The “Black Codes” of 1865-1866. Reconstruction after the Civil War. Reconstruction era U.S. history, time period after Civil War, events after Civil War, post war South.

America’s Reconstruction: People and Politics after the Civil War – After the Civil War Reconstruction

Foner, Eric and Mahoney, Olivia
Harper Perennial 1995 Dewey Dec. 973.8

One of the most misunderstood periods in American history, Reconstruction remains relevant today because its central issue — the role of the federal government in protecting citizens’ rights and promoting economic and racial justice in a heterogeneous society — is still unresolved. America’s Reconstruction examines the origins of this crucial time, explores how black and white Southerners responded to the abolition of slavery, traces the political disputes between Congress and President Andrew Johnson, and analyzes the policies of the Reconstruction governments and the reasons for their demise.
America’s Reconstruction was published in conjunction with a major exhibition on the era produced by the Valentine Museum in Richmond, Virginia, and the Virginia Historical Society. The exhibit included a remarkable collection of engravings from Harper’s Weekly, lithographs, and political cartoons, as well as objects such as sculptures, rifles, flags, quilts, and other artifacts. An important tool for deepening the experience of those who visited the exhibit, America’s Reconstruction also makes this rich assemblage of information and period art available to the wider audience of people unable to see the exhibit in its host cities.

Contents: Before Appomattox: rehearsal for Reconstruction – The meaning of freedom: black and white responses to the end of slavery – The politics of Reconstruction and the origins of civil rights – Reconstruction government in the south – The ending of Reconstruction. Reconstruction after the Civil War.

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Nothing but Freedom: Emancipation and its Legacy

Foner, Eric
Louisiana State Univ. 1983 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“The first essay examines the aftermath of slavery in Haiti and the British Caribbean, and also looks briefly at early twentieth-century racial and economic relations in southern and eastern Africa; The second essay turns to how the issues and patterns prevalent in the Caribbean and Africa were duplicated in the post-emancipation United States; The third essay examines a specific set of events during American Reconstruction, the strikes of rice workers along the Combahee River in South Carolina, to illustrate how many issues were resolved at the local level. The purpose of this book, then, was to examine crucial aspects of the forging of a new social order in the aftermath of slavery.” from the Introduction. Reconstruction after the Civil War.

Contents: I The Anatomy of Emancipation — II The Politics of Freedom — III The Emancipated Worker. Reconstruction Era U.S. history, post war South, events after Civil War, post Civil War years.

The Cleveland Era: A Chronicle of the New Order in Politics – 1880s in America – America in the 1890s

Ford, Henry Jones
Toronto: Glasgow, Brook 1919 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Vol 44 in the “Chronicles of America” series.

Contents: A transition period – Political groping and party fluctuation – The advent of Cleveland – A constitutional crisis – Party policy in Congress – Presidential knight-errantry – The Public discontents – The Republican opportunity – The free silver revolt – Law and order upheld. Grover Cleveland presidency. The Gilded era, Gilded Age industry, post Civil War presidents.

American Home Life, 1880-1930: A Social History of Spaces and Services – 1880s in America – America in the 1890s

Foy, Jessica H. and Schlereth, Thomas J, eds.
Univ. of Tennessee 1992 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Essay collection. “The book’s contributors study transformations in services (such as home utilities of power, heat, light, water, and waste removal) in servicing (for example, the impact of home appliances such as gas and electric ranges, washing machines, and refrigerators), and in serving (changes in domestic servants’ duties, hours of work, racial and ethnic backgrounds). In blending intellectual and home history, these essays both examine and exemplify the perennial American enthusiasm for, as well as anxiety about, the meaning of modernity”. Publisher.

Contents: Introduction : American homes and American scholars / Thomas J. Schlereth — The modern look of the early twentieth-century house : a mirror of changing lifestyles / Candace M. Volz — The decline of the memory palace : the parlor after 1890 / Katherine C. Grier — Children in the house, 1890 to 1930 / Karin Calvert — Home libraries : special spaces, reading places / Linda M. Kruger — A history of American beds and bedrooms, 1890-1930 / Elizabeth Collins Cromley — “The family that plays together stays together” : family pastimes and indoor amusements, 1890-1930 / Donna R. Braden — Parlor piety : the home as sacred space in Protestant America / Colleen McDannell — Gardens of change / Patricia M. Tice — Coal stoves and clean sinks : housework between 1890 and 1930 / Ruth Schwartz Cowan — Conduits and conduct : home utilities in Victorian America, 1876-1915 / Thomas J. Schlereth –Modernizing domestic service / Daniel E. Sutherland. Victorian period, America in the Gilded age.

A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Antebellum North

Franklin, John Hope
Louisiana State Univ. 1976 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“…there were thousands of southerners – planters, merchants, bankers, students, housewives, writers, and politicians – who traveled extensively in the North and who recorder their impressions in letters to their families, in articles for the local press, and in the few books they wrote. Franklin canvasses the entire field of southern travel and analyzes the travelers and their accounts of what they saw in the North.” Book jacket.

Contents: The grand tour — Learning in Yankeeland — A special economic relationship — An album of southern travel — Black over White? — A far cry from Eden — Crusaders among infidels — A renewal of faith. Events after Civil war, economic growth after the Civil War, post Civil War years, Gilded Age era.

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The New Commonwealth, 1877-1890 – America in the 1870s – 1880s in America – America in the 1890s

Garraty, John A.
Harper & Row 1968 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Analyzes the social, political, and economic conditions in America between Reconstruction and the beginning of the great depression of the 1890’s. “A well-reasoned analysis of the social, economic and political development of the U.S. as the nation responded to the changes wrought by industrialization and the consequent necessity for men to organize their affairs in cities, in corporate bodies, and in unions.” – Libr J.

Contents:The glitter and the gold — Agriculture — Industry — The workingman — Urbanization — The political system — From Hayes to Harrison — Social thought. Reconstruction era U.S. history, economic reconstruction after the Civil War, Gilded Aged 1870-1900, economic growth after the Civil War, post Civil War industrialization, the politics of the Gilded Age.

Industrial Revolution: People and Perspectives

Goloboy, Jennifer L., ed.
ABC-CLIO 2008

Examines what industrialization meant for American artisans, women workers, slaves, and manufacturers. It shows how this new working world led to sharpening class divisions and expanded consumerism. Throughout, groundbreaking social historians draw on 19th-century primary documents and the latest research to show how the Industrial Revolution transformed the life the average American.

The Populist Moment: a Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America – America in the 1890s

Goodwyn, Lawrence
Oxford University 1978 Dewey Dec. 973.8

This condensed version of Lawrence Goodwyn’s Democratic Promise, the highly-acclaimed study on American Populism which the Civil Liberties Review called “a brilliant, comprehensive study,” offers new political language designed to provide a fresh means of assessing both democracy andauthoritarianism today.

Contents: Creating a democratic politics. Prelude to populism : discovering the limits of American politics ; The alliance develops a movement culture ; The cooperative vision : building a democratic economy — The people’s movement encounters the received culture. The national alliance : organizing northern farmers, southern blacks, and urban workers ; Reform and its shadow : the core cultural struggle ; Reform politicians, reform editors, and plain people : the language of American populism — The triumph of the corporate state. The shadow movement acquires a purpose ; The last agrarian crusade : the movement vs. the silver lobby ; The irony of populism — Afterword. The politics of the Gilded Age, post Civil War industrialization, Gilded Age industry.

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The United States in our Own Times 1865-1920

Haworth, Paul Leland
1912 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“Primarily a political history, very fairly successful in the difficult task of trying to see recent events in historical perspective, and having the great merits of being eminently readable. . . Maps, index and valuable annotated list of suggessted readings.” N.Y. State Library

Contents: 1. The Aftermath of War 2. President Johnson’s Plan of Reconstruction 3. Congress takes Control 4. Mexico, Alaska, and the Election of 1868 5. The Fruits of Reconstruction 6. Foreign Relations and the Liberal Republican Movement 7. The End of an Era 8. The Passing of the “Wild West” 9. An Interlude 10. The Changing Order 11. The Return of the Democracy 12. The Second Harrison 13. Hard Times and Free Silver 14. The War with Spain 15. “Imperialism” 16. “Big Business” and the Panama Canal 17. Roosevelt’s “Second” Term 18. The New West 19. The Progressive Revolt 20. The “New Freedom” and “Watchful Waiting” 21. America Enters the Great War 22. Campaigns of 1918 23. The Peace Conference 24. A Golden Age in History Suggestions for Further Reading. Reconstruction era U.S. history, post Civil War history, Gilded Age era, post Civil War events, post war South, time period after Civil War.

The Industrial Revolution in America: Railroads

Hillstrom, Kevin and Hillstrom, Laurie Collier, eds.
ABC-CLIO 2005

From a 9-volume history of the industrial revolution, this volume examines the role of railroads in the ascension of the U.S. to a position of global power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The New Empire; an Interpretation of American Expansion, 1860-1898

LaFeber, Walter
Cornell University 1963 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“This monograph attempts to examine the crucial incubation period of the American overseas empire by relating the development of that empire to the effects of the industrial revolution on U.S. foreign policy…. the industrial transformation that occurred during the last half of the 19th century marked the beginning of modern America.” – Author’s Preface

Contents: I. Years of preparation, 1860-1889 –II. The intellectual formulation –III. The strategic formulation –IV. The economic formulation –V. Reaction: Depression diplomacy, 1893-1895 –VI. Reaction: the Venezuelan Boundary Crisis of 1895 –VII. Reaction: new problems, new friends, new foes –VIII. Reaction: approach to war –Epilogue

America as a World Power 1897-1907 (American Nation, Vol. 25) – America in the 1890s

Latane, John Holladay
1907 Dewey Dec. 973.8

A fine study which deals mainly with the Spanish war of 1898 and its consequences. It also includes the economic and administrative questions of the time. Maps and bibliography.

Contents: 1. Intervention in Cuba (1895-1898) 2. First Period of the Spanish War (April-May, 1898) 3. Second Period of the Spanish War (June-August 1898) 4. Peace Negotiations (1898-1899) 5. The Philippine Insurrection (1898-1902) 6. American Diplomacy in the Orient (1897-1895) 7. Free Silver versus Imperialism (1900) 8. The Status of Dependencies (1898-1901) 9. Civil Government in the Philippines (1898-1907) 10. The Republic of Cuba (1899-1907) 11. The Alaskan Boundary (1898-1903) 12. The Panama Canal (1898-1907) 13. The Election of 1904 (1901-1904) 14. International Arbitration (1899-1907) 15. The Monroe Doctrine and World Politics (1895-1902) 16. The Forcible Collection of Public Debts (1901-1907) 17. Immigration (1880-1907) 18. Economic Tendencies (1895-1907) 19. Critical Essay on Authorities

Since the Civil War

Lingley, Charles Ramsdell
1920 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“The historian is lucid, and despite his necessary brevity he is never uninteresting nor pedantic. His strokes are sure although they are rapid. He is also fair.” Boston Transcript

Contents: 1. Reconstruction and its Aftermath 2. In President Grant’s Time 3. Economic Foundations of the New Era 4. Political and Intellectual Background of the New Issues 5. The New Issues 6. The Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes 7. The Politics of the Early Eighties 8. The Overturn of 1884 9. Transportation and its Control 10. Extreme Republicanism 11. Industry and Laissez Faire 12. Democratic Demoralization 13. The Trend of Diplomacy 14. The Rise of the Wage Earner 15. Monetary and Financial Problems 16. 1896 17. Republican Domination and War with Spain 18. Imperialism 19. The Beginning of a New Century 20. Theodore Roosevelt 21. Politics, 1908-1912 22. Economic and Political Tendencies Since 1896 23. Later International Relations 24. Woodrow Wilson 25. The United States and the World War

The Crusaders. A Story of the Women’s Temperance Movement of 1873-74 – America in the 1870s

Norton, Emma R.
Peabody, Macey 1882 Dewey Dec. 363.4

Women’s Temperance movement, America in the 1870s.

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A People & a Nation: A History of the United States

Norton, Mary Beth
Houghton Mifflin 1994 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Vol 2: Since 1865. Undergraduate-level textbook of American history. Reconstruction era U.S. history.

History of the United States since the Civil War vol 1

– Volume 2

– Volume 3

– Volume 4

– Volume 5

Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson
1917-26 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Vol 1 – 1865-68; Vol 2 – 1868-72; Vol 3 – 1972-78; Vol 4 -1878-88; Vol 5 – 1888-1901

“The work seems to us, on the whole, to be of great value. Mr. Oberholtzer has an unerring vision for political chicanery. He is exceedingly incisive and succinct in his estimates without oeing prolix and pursuing mere literature. His enthusiasms are fresh, vibrant, interesting. Above all they make good history. No writer of his day has treated his period more freshly, more surely, more keenly. It is the sort of history that makes the reader keenly anxious to peruse the coming volumes.” -Boston Transcript

Contents: Volume I: 1. President Johnson 2. The South after the War 3. Congress in Control 4. The Triumphant North 5. Beyond the Mississippi 6. The Indians 7. War upon the President 8. Mexico, Ireland and Alaska
Volume 2: 9. Reconstructing the South 10. Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson 11. The Campaign of 1868 12. Grant as President 13. The Ku Klux Klan 14. The “Alabama” Claims 15. To the Pacific and Beyond 16. The End of the Orgy
Volume 3: 17. The Greeley Campaign 18. The Panic of 1873 19. Clearing away the Wreck 20. Rout of the Carpetbaggers 21. Hayes and Tilden 22. The Hayes Administration 23. On the Plains and in the Mountains 24. Letters and Art
Volume 4: 25. Up from Panic and Depression 26. Garfield and Arthur 27. Arthur’s Administration and the Election of 1884 28. The Chinese 29. President Cleveland 30. War upon the President 31. The New South 32. In the West
Volume 5: Campaign of 1888 – Harrison’s administration – Cleveland or Harrison again – Cleveland’s second term – Bryan – The war with Spain – After the war – Material progress and social reform

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The Last Stand: Custer, Sitting Bull, and the Battle of the Little Bighorn – America in the 1870s

Philbrick, Nathaniel
Viking 2010 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“Nathaniel Philbrick, author of ‘In the Hurricane’s Eye’, Pulitzer Prize finalist ‘Mayflower’, and ‘Valiant Ambition’, is a historian with a unique ability to bring history to life. ‘The Last Stand’ is Philbrick’s monumental reappraisal of the epochal clash at the Little Bighorn in 1876 that gave birth to the legend of Custer’s Last Stand. Bringing a wealth of new information to his subject, as well as his characteristic literary flair, Philbrick details the collision between two American icons – George Armstrong Custer and Sitting Bull – that both parties wished to avoid, and brilliantly explains how the battle that ensued has been shaped and reshaped by national myth.” -Publisher. General George Armstrong Custer

Contents: At the flood — The dream — Hard ass — The dance — The scout — The blue pencil line — The approach — The crow’s nest — Into the valley — The charge — To the hill — Still point — The forsaken — Grazing his horses — The last stand — The river of nightmares.

Murdering McKinley: the Making of Theodore Roosevelt’s America

Rauchway, Eric
Hill and Wang 2003 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“After President William McKinley was fatally shot at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, on September 6, 1901, Americans were bereaved and frightened. Eric Rauchway’s brilliant ‘Murdering McKinley’ re-creates Leon Czolgosz’s hastily conducted trial and then traverses America as Dr. Vernon Briggs, a Boston alienist, sets out to discover why Czolgosz rose up to kill his President. While uncovering the answer that eluded Briggs and setting the historical record straight about Czolgosz, Rauchway also provides the finest protrait yet of Theodore Roosevelt at the moment of his sudden ascension to the White House.” -Book jacket.

Contents: A week at the fair. — The letter of the law. — Decent. — Killer anarchism. — All-American. — The interpretation of dreams. — An irresistible impulse.

The McKinley and Roosevelt Administrations, 1897-1909 – America in the 1890s

Rhodes, James Ford
1922 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“The twelve years covered by this history . . . include the Spanish American war and its resulting problems, the period of vast business expansion and consolidation, the building of the Panama canal and Roosevelt’s campaign against the trusts. The personalities who stand out, beside the two presidents, are Mark Hanna, I. P. Morgan, John Hay, Andrew Carnegie, Bryan, Root and Taft. As Mr. Rhodes reaches this recent period in our history, his historical detachment is less easily maintained and his political bent more apparent.” -Book Review Digest. Illustrations are portraits of public men of the period.

The Rough Riders – America in the 1890s

Roosevelt, Theodore
1899 Dewey Dec. 973.8

A vivid account of the famous volunteer regiment which Roosevelt led during the Spanish American war. Illustrated from photographs. Roosevelt’s Rough Riders.

Contents: 1. Raising the Regiment 2. To Cuba 3. General Young’s Fight at Las Guasimas 4. The Cavalry at Santiago 5. In the Trenches 6. The Return Home Appendices

Study Outline in the Problems of the Reconstruction Period – After the Civil War Reconstruction

Shenton, Herbert & others
Association Press 1918 Dewey Dec. 016.3

Booklet with an outline of problems of reconstruction facing the world after World War I, with a bibliography of articles and books for study.

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Victorian America, 1876 to 1913

Shifflett, Crandall A.
Facts on File 1996 Dewey Dec. 973.8

A volume in the series ‘Almanacs of American Life’. “Each volume is an almanac-format compilation of intormation in statistical and tabular form, with connective text describing the detail of life during the period. Each book is enhanced by about 100 illustrations… and contains an extensive bibliography.” They provide info on climate, natural history, geography, dates of events, the economy, the population, diet and health, religion, politics & government, cities, education, arts & letters, science and technology, popular culture, crime etc. -Book cover. Victorian period, America in the Gilded Age.

Recent American History

Shippee, Lester Burrell
1924 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“This study covers the history of the United States from the close of the Civil War to 1923. The primary emphasis is placed upon the events themselves, with so little discussion of personalities and policies that the narrative seems to deal largely with the externalities of history. . . The narrative is well proportioned and skillfully handled. It is withal a very useful book.” American Economic Review. Maps and bibliographies

Contents: 1. The South and Reconstruction 2. Reconstruction in the North 3. At the Close of Reconstruction 4. Out of the Depths 5. Politics of the Hayes Administration 6. The Tariff and Politics 7. The Coming of Big Business 8. The Labor Side 9. Cleveland’s First Term 10. Triumphant Republicanism 11. The Coming of Populism 12. Politics and the Panic 13. The Silver Campaign 14. Foreign Relations 15. The War with Spain 16. The Parting of the Ways 17. The New Age 18. The Age of Big Business 19. The Fruits of Imperialism 20. Domestic Policies of Roosevelt 21. William Howard Taft 22. The Progressives 23. President Wilson’s Peace Program 24. Latin America and the Monroe Doctrine 25. The Trials of a Neutral 26. America enters the War 27. The Forces at the Front 28. The Peace Treaty 29. Post War Problems 30. The Return of the Republicans

National Development, 1877-1885 (American Nation, Vol. 23) – America in the 1870s – 1880s in America

Sparks, Edwin Erle
1907 Dewey Dec. 973.8

An excellent book which deals with the history and the social and economic conditions of the time as well as questions of foreign policy. Maps and bibliography.

Contents: 1. The New Spirit of ’76 (1876-1877) 2. The People and their Distribution (1877-1880) 3. Invention and Discovery (1877-1885) 4. Problems of Transportation (1875-1885) 5. Industrial Problems (1875-1885) 6. President Hayes and the South (1876-1877) 7. Republican Dissensions (1877-1878) 8. The Federal Election Laws (1876-1881) 9. Currency and Fisheries (1877-1881) 10. Civil Service Evils (1877-1880) 11. Presidential Election of 1880 (1880-1881) 12. Civil Service Reform (1881-1884) 13. The Isthmian Canal (1877-1885) 14. The Chinese Question (1879-1885) 15. The Far West (1876-1888) 16. The Indian Question (1877-1885) 17. The Tariff of 1883 (1873-1883) 18. Inland Commerce (1875-1885) 19. The Election of 1884 (1882-1884) 20. Critical Essay on Authorities. America in the 1870s, America in the 1880s.

The Best Men; Liberal Reformers in the Gilded Age – America in the 1890s

Sproat, John G.
Oxford University 1968 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“During America’s vibrant and colorful Gilded Age, … a group of self-styled “liberals,” led by well-meaning businessmen, intellectuals, and journalists, worked through scores of “good government” clubs and other organizations to raise the tone of American politics… Prominent among them were Henry Adams, Mark Twain, Carl Schurz, Charles Eliot Norton … They dominated the political commentary of the day, received much acclaim for exposing corruption, and have been credited with being a pivotal factor in elections… The author demonstrates conclusively that these “best men” do not deserve their reputation as a forward-looking political force. Stripping aside their own propaganda and self-justification, he shows them to be essentially narrow-minded, illiberal, impractical, and nostalgic in their political goals. Opposed to Reconstruction, often openly anti-Negro, they were also anti-labor, anti-immigrant and uncritical in the extreme of American business. They were unconcerned with America’s vast expansion, and unaware of the main economic and social currents of the day. Their fear of violence and social disruption led them to become hysterical defenders of the status quo.” -Book jacket

Contents: The nature of liberal reform – Retreat to reform – Reluctant reformers – “Sadly honest-looking gentlemen” – The myopic mugwumps – The nature of things – Moral money – The dangerous classes – The heart of the matter – The politics of nostalgia. Progressive reform era.

American Eras: Development of the Industrial United States, 1878-1899 – 1880s in America – America in the 1890s

Tompkins, Vincent, ed.
Gale 1997 Dewey Dec. 973.8

Part of a series providing detailed information on the eras of pre-twentieth century America, this volume includes articles covering headlines and headline makers, awards, achievements and other enlightening and entertaining facts on early American civilization. America in the 1880s, America in the 1890s.

The Search for Order, 1877-1920

Wiebe, Robert H.
Hill and Wang 1967 Dewey Dec. 973.8

“At the end of the Reconstruction, the spread of science and technology, industrialism, urbanization, immigration, and economic depressions eroded Americans’ conventional beliefs in individualism and a divinely ordained social system. InThe Search for Order, Robert Wiebe shows how, in subsequent years, during the Progressive Era of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, Americans sought the organizing principles around which a new viable social order could be constructed in the modern world. This subtle and sophisticated study combines the virtues of historical narrative, sociological analysis, and social criticism.” -Publisher

Contents: Prelude — The distended society — Crisis in the communities — The fate of the nation — A new middle class — Revolution in values — Progressivism arrives — The illusion of fulfillment — The emergence of foreign policy — The beatified brute — Doorway to the twenties

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