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The Black Hawk War of 1832 – Free Online Books and Articles

The Black Hawk War of 1832 in Illinois and Wisconsin was the last significant campaign by U.S. Government troops against Indians in the Old Northwest. Following the defeat of Black Hawk’s small force, the Wisconsin territorial government obtained Native American compliance with treaties that opened large parts of Wisconsin for survey and settlement. The Links …

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Foreign Visitors Interpret America 1800-1867

The books below were authored by foreign visitors to the U.S. They described what they saw, recorded their reactions, and collected information for friends or reading audiences back home. All the works cover, at least in part, travels in the region of the Great Lakes States. Books are grouped below in the decades in which …

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Memoirs by Three Pioneers

Here are memoirs of interest by three people who lived on the frontier in the Great Lakes region. Reminiscences of Adele Gratiot; Recollections of a Young Mother in the Lead Region, 1826-1841 Weekly Gazette May 2, 1879 Gratiot, Adele Galena Ill. Adele Gratiot was a young mother of 24 when she moved to southwestern Wisconsin …

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