Encyclopedias, dictionaries, English grammar handbooks, almanacs, yearbooks, Research guides, atlases and desk references. Late 19th to 21st Centuries.
Hint: When a book you want to borrow at Internet Archive is already checked out, go to the Internet Archive’s ‘Search’ box, check “Search Metadata”, and search for the book’s title. Sometimes they have two or more copies.
About 80 free dictionaries pdf at the Internet Archive. Be patient as the page loads. Some Dictionaries: Expanded Webster’s Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Pocket Dictionary of Synonyms, Webster’s Quick Reference English/Spanish Espanol/Ingles Dictionary, APA Dictionary of Psychology, West’s Tax Law Dictionary, Concise American Sign Language Dictionary, Winslow’s Tamil and English Dictionary, English-Urdu Dictionary, Larousse Portuguese Phrasebook, The Writer’s Rhyming Dictionary, DK Ultimate Visual Dictionary, Slang: the topical dictionary of Americanisms, A Modern Guide to English Usage, Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners of American English, Roget’s International Thesaurus, Harper Collins Russian-English & English-Russian Dictionary, Bantam Italian & English Dictionary, Internet & Networking Dictionary, Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary, Contemporary Dictionary of Sexual Euphemisms, Random House Essential German Dictionary, Harper Collins French Dictionary, SAT Dictionary of One-Word Definitions, many more free online dictionaries.
‘Collections’ take longer to appear on your screen than single books. On a phone, only about 25 books in a collection may appear.
About 420 free English grammar handbooks at the Internet Archive. Some books: The Grammar Bible, The Handbook of Good English, Webster’s English Grammar Handbook, Grammar Essentials, Things Your Grammar Never Told You, From Idea to Essay, The Longman Writer, Rewriting Writing, The Holt Handbook, Secretary’s Guide to Modern English Usage, English Language Desk Reference, many more eBook Grammar Handbooks.
About 480 Free English Language Rhetoric Handbooks PDF. Some books: Writer’s Handbook, Guide for College Writers, Handbook for Writers, The Blair Handbook, Concise Guide to Writing, Writing in the Disciplines, Aims of the Essay, The Elements of Correspondence, Handbook for History, Writer’s Companion, Student Writing Handbook, Keys to Great Writing, many more free online English language handbooks.
About 460 free report writing handbooks from the Internet Archive. Some books: Research Paper Handbook, Writing College Papers, Writing Your Doctoral Dissertation, The Curious Researcher, Writing Research Papers, Your Research Project, 12 East Steps to Successful Research Papers, Tackling Your High School Term Paper, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Cite It: selecting credible sources, The Aims of Argument, The Psychology Student Writer’s Manual, Guide to Style, Guide to the Research Process, Researcher’s Journal, The Portable Dissertation Advisor, Guide to the Successful Thesis and Dissertation, many more free eBook manuals for Writing Reports.
About 1,150 free online publications at the Internet Archive, assembled by ‘Folkscanomy’. Some books: Encyclopedia of African Religion, Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, Encyclopedia of Insects, Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Encyclopedia of Television Shows 1925-2007, Encyclopedia of World History, Britannica Almanac 2010, Encyclopedia of Science and Religion, Encyclopedia of Demons in World Religions and Cultures, Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Encyclopedia of Country Living, Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Encyclopedia of Urban Legends, Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology, Encyclopedia of Chemistry, Encyclopedia of Extraterrestrial Encounters, Vietnam War Almanac, Encyclopedia of the Blues, Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals, Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security, Encyclopedia of American History, many more free online encyclopedias.
Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, science, agriculture, and mechanical industry
NY: Appleton 1861-1902 Dewey Dec. 030
An American yearbook, with articles arranged alphabetically as in an encyclopedia, that was initally produced by the Appleton company to supplement its 16-volume New American Cyclopedia, which was published 1857-1863. The volume numbers at this link (which contains all except the 1865 volume) are confusing because there were three series over the years. It is easier to ignore volume numbers and look for volumes by their year.
Free novels online here at Century Past
Benjamin, Marcus, ed.
Appleton 1910 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
This work is recommended for small libraries or grammar schools unable to afford one of the larger encyclopedias. The articles are very brief but up to date and simply written and the system of cross reference is good, as are the illustrations and maps.- A.L.A. Catalog 1926
a work of general reference in all departments of knowledge
Smith, Benjamin E., ed.
Century 1914 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
Collier 1921 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
Brittanica 2007 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
An illustrated reference set containing facts and information about people, places, events and objects from around the world, presented in alphabetical order.
Beach, F. G., editor-in-chief
1905 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
A good up to date general encyclopedia covering much the same ground as the New International, but stronger in the fields of science and technology and their recent developments. Important articles are by specialists, are signed and in general are excellent. Illustrations are numerous and good, pronunciation is marked and there are numerous short articles on small subjects, including many biographies of people still living.- A.L.A. Catalog 1926
The Encyclopaedia Britannica; a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. 32 volumes
Chisholm, Hugh, ed.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910-22 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
The 11th edition, consisting of 29 volumes, was published in 1910. Volumes 30-32, published in 1922, supplied “… a new distinctive, and independent library of reference dealing with events and developments of the period 1910 to 1921 inclusive.” The combined set of 32 volumes was considered to be the 12th edition of the set.
“The most famous encyclopedia in English and for some purposes the best. The first edition was published in 1771. The eleventh edition is based on the ninth and tenth editions but revised throughout, rearranged to make the smaller subjects more easily accessible and much new material added. Noted for its long signed articles by specialists with excellent bibliography appended to most articles, and its many excellent illustrations.”- A.L.A. Catalog 1926
of political, historical, statistical, agricultural and general facts for every American home
Howard, Charles H. ed.
Howard & Wilson 1898 Dewey Dec. 030
“One may find, herein, reliable and interesting facts and figures on such subjects as the coinage, tariff, new legislation on roads, harvests of the world, noxious weeds–with the fullest table of weeds ever published–wheat prices in England and Chicago, dairy statistics, sheep and wool figures, pork packing, export of farm products, comparative prices of staple products and, in fact, all that one would need to know relating to the various branches of live stock, horticulture and agriculture. To these pages, which are intended to be especially adapted to our agricultural readers, are added two hundred or more of general statistics on politics, elections and matters of universal interest, such as every citizen and every man, woman and child in our country, at some time or another, desires to know”. – Preface
Williams, Talcott and Colby, Frank Moore
Dodd, Mead 1927 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
An encyclopedia of the best modern type, with adequate and authoritative articles, many good illustrations, and excellent and very useful bibliographies. Important articles are by specialists, though all articles are unsigned. Especially good for biographical material, with a considerable proportion of Latin-American biography. It includes numerous high grade maps.- A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Newspaper archives online free here at Century Past
Colby, Frank Moore and Williams, Talcott
Dodd, Mead 1916 Dewey Dec. 030
Contains 34 chapters, each for a broad subject heading similar to those found in the Dewey Decimal Classification. Chapters contain brief explanations of many sub-topics, with lists of related topic names, persons and authors that have entries in the encyclopedia.
The Reader’s Guide to the Encyclopedia Britannica; A Handbook Containing Sixty-six Courses of Systematic Study or Occasional Reading
Encylopedia Britannica 1913 Dewey Dec. 030
The guide is divided into six parts:
1. Courses of reading especially useful to those engaged in certain occupations, or preparing for them. There are 30 chapters for different occupational categories.
2. Courses of educational reading to supplement or take the place of school or university studies. There are 30 subject chapters, in most cases similar to the subject categories found in the Dewey Decimal Classification.
3. Devoted to the interests of children.
4. Readings on questions of the day.
5. For women
6. Readings for recreation and vacation
Hopkins, Albert A. and Bond, A. Russell
Munn 1913 Dewey Dec. 030
Includes 1,000 illustrations. Table of Contents:
Part 1. Statistical Information
Chapter I.—Population and Social Statistics 1-42 -Chapter II.—Farms, Foods and Forests 43-74 – Chapter III.—Mines and Quarries 75-96 – Chapter IV.—Manufactures 97-136 – Chapter V.—Commerce 137-192 – Chapter VI.—Mercantile Marine 193-232 – Chapter MI.—Railroads 233-264 – Chapter VIII.—The Panama Canal 265-278 – Chapter IX.—Telegraphs and Cables 279-298 – Chapter X.—Wireless Telegraphy 299-310 – Chapter XL—Telephone Statistics of the World 311-322 – Chapter XII.—Post Office Affairs 323-350 – Chapter XIII.—Patents, Trade-Marks and Copyrights 351-388 – Chapter XIV.—Armies of the World 389-408 – Chapter XV.—Navies of the World 409-436 – Chapter XVI.—Aviation 437-456
Part 2. Scientific Information
Chapter I.—Chemistry 457-462 – Chapter II—Astronomy and Time 463-484 – Chapter HI.—Meteorology 485-518 – Chapter IV.—Machine Elements and Mechanical Movements 519-546 – Chapter V.—Geometrical Constructions 517-560 – Chapter VI.—Weights and Measures 561-586
Rossiter Johnson, ed.
Appleton 1905 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
Specially strong in science, engineering, discoveries, inventions, and biography. Contains sketches of living persons. Maps numerous and good. Known also as Johnson’s cyclopedia. – A.L.A.Catalog 1904
O’Shea, M. V. ed.
Hanson-Roach-Fowler 1918 Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
For romance readers, we have hundreds of Harlequin free online reads
About 330 books from the Internet Archive free online on the subject of Yearbooks. Some books: (many of the following books also had issues for other years here)The Great Ideas Today 1971 (& many other years), Disney’s Wonderful World of Knowledge, the World Book Year Book 1989, Time: 1992 – the year in review, The Unicorn Book of 1952, The Illustrated Yearbook 1979, Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs, The 1988 Information Please Almanac, What they Said in 1987, Chase’s Calendar of Events 1999, the Statesman’s Year Book 1988-89, Who’s Who 1972-1973, the Americana Annual 1993, Yearbook of the United Nations 1997, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2006, 1974 Britannica Book of the Year, many other free online yearbooks)
About 650 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Almanacs”. Some books: Many of the following also had issues for other years) Encyclopedia Britannica Almanac 2003, Scholastic 2014 Almanac for Kids, 1999 The Canadian Global Almanac, World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004, Florida Almanac 1998-1999, Catholic Almanac 2009, Almanac Hawaiiana 1969, Farmer’s Almanac 2004, Everywoman’s Almanac 1993, Metro Chicago Almanac, Wall Street Journal Almanac 1998, Sports Illustrated for Kids Year in Sports 2005, many more free online almanacs.
About 150 books from the Internet Archive free online on the subject of World Records. Some books: (there are issues of many of the annual books from other years here too) Scholastic Book of World Records 2003, Recordsetter Book of World Records, Guinness World Records 2005, Ripley’s Believe it or Not!, Book of Historical Records, Definitive Guide to the Best and Worst of Everything, Guinness Book of Trivia Records, Record Breakers, Top 10 of Everything 2002, many more free online record books.
Hirsch, E.D. et al.
Houghton Mifflin 1993 Dewey Dec. 031
In this fast-paced information age, how can Americans know what’s really important and what’s just a passing fashion? Now more than ever, we need a source that concisely sums up the knowledge that matters to Americans — the people, places, ideas, and events that shape our cultural conversation. With more than six thousand entries,The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy is that invaluable source.
As our world becomes more global and interconnected, it grows smaller through the terms and touchstones that unite us. As E. D. Hirsch writes in the preface, “Community is built up of shared knowledge and values — the same shared knowledge that is taken for granted when we read a book or newspaper, and that is also taken for granted as part of the fabric that connects us to one another.” A delicious concoction of information for anyone who wants to be in the know, The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy brilliantly confirms once again that it is “an excellent piece of work . . . stimulating and enlightening” (New York Times) — the most definitive and comprehensive family sourcebook of its kind.
Dodd 1898 – 1902. Dewey Dec. 030 Rf
Similar in scope to Appleton’s annual cyclopedia, but entries are under more specific topics. To supplement cyclopedias. – A.L.A.Catalog 1904
New York Public Library
Stonesong 1998 Dewey Dec. 031
Curious to know about the wind chill factor, or how to make a Rob Roy, or locate the time in China? Why not peruse a list of common crossword-puzzle words, catch up on the latest computer terms, learn how to carve a turkey the right way, or find out who invented what and when?
This timeless resource originates from one of the world’s great storehouses of knowledge. Fully updated with more than 1,000 pages, The New York Public Library Desk Reference is packed with answers to the most frequently asked questions, as well as easy-to-read charts, graphs, and tables, insightful sidebars, full-color maps, and illustrations, plus cross-references and web addresses to aid more in-depth research. From the serious to the trivial, the most frequently sought information from more than 50 reference books is readily at hand in this one comprehensive and accessible guide.
New York Public Library
Hyperion 2003 Dewey Dec. 031
The New York Public Library American History Desk Reference is packed with information on a variety of topics from military and foreign affairs to education and science. Information is organized into detailed timelines highlighting events throughout America’s history, along with numerous sidebars, photos, maps, brief biographies, and trivia tidbits, making this book the ultimate ‘look-it-up’ book.
Encyclopedia Britannica 2009
Published in association with Time Magazine, the Encyclopaedia Britannica Almanac 2010 includes more coverage of key subjects such as the arts, business, people, science, and the world than other leading almanacs. Read about the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur, the rise of global food prices and the accompanying political and financial effects, the growing military operation in Afghanistan, the lives of influential political leaders, athletes, authors, heroes and much more !
Time Home Entertainment Dewey Dec. 031
Featuring more than one million facts, this comprehensive, updated reference includes the latest information on world statistics, famous people, demographic data, history, geography, global trends, election results, sports statistics, Internet links and e-mail addresses, scientific research and technological innovations, and more.
Contents: Year in review — People — Awards — Nature, science, medicine, & technology — World — United States — Business — Arts, entertainment, & leisure — Sport.
Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records Dewey Dec. 031
The ultimate annual book of records is back and crammed with more than ever before! Guinness World Records 2017 is bursting with all-new records on topics as diverse as black holes, domes, owls, and killer plants. Want to know the highest anyone has travelled on a skateboard, or the largest loop-the-loop completed in a car? Dying to know just how many tricks a cat can do in one minute? The answers to these questions and so much more are right inside.
New in this year’s edition are exciting infographic features exploring the fascinating details on topics such as animals, the human body, sports, and explorations. And of course all your favorite record categories are updated for 2017, such as the world’s new tallest dog! And as ever, our team of world-class photographers have traveled the globe to capture amazing images of the year’s most impressive record holders.
World Almanac 2009 Dewey Dec. 031
The World Almanac is the #1 best-selling American reference book of all time. It is the source for essential and authoritative facts for entertainment, reference and learning. The book contains thousands of facts and statistics that aren’t publicly available which are sourced and double-checked by the staff of World Almanac experts.
Features in The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2010:
· Year in Pictures: 16 page color photo section of the top stories of 2009, as well as 16 pages of world maps and flags and easy-to-use side abs.
· Plus thousands of facts and statistics that aren’t publicly available; sourced and double-checked by our full-time editorial staff who are reference experts by category.
Contents: Special features — 2009 : Year in review — Economy, business & energy — Crime — Military affairs — Health & vital statistics — Personalities, arts, & media — Science & technology — Consumer information — U.S. government — U.S. facts, history & elections — U.S. cities, states, & population — World history & culture — Sports — Directory -General index.
About 2,350 free atlases pdf. Some atlases: Some titles: Just the Facts World Atlas, Doubleday Children’s Atlas, Hammond’s Handy Atlas of the World, Webster’s International Atlas, World Almanac World Atlas, Reader’s Digest Children’s World Atlas, My First Atlas, Children’s Atlas of the World, The State of the World Atlas, The New Comparative World Atlas, 3-D World Atlas & Tour, Mini Satellite Atlas of the World, Family Atlas, Goode’s World Atlas, Maps of the World, Student Atlas of World Geography, Satellite Atlas, many more free atlases pdf.
Manser, Martin H.
Facts on File 2002 Dewey Dec. 398.9
This dictionary “includes more than 1,700 English-language proverbs . . . that are widely recognized today. Arranged alphabetically, entries provide the meaning of each proverb, the date it was first recorded, variant forms of the proverb, other proverbs that are similar and opposite to it in meaning, and examples of the proverb’s use.” -Publisher
Mieder, Wolfgang et al.
Oxford University 1996 Dewey Dec. 398.9
A Dictionary of American Proverbs is a treasury of more than 15,000 sayings, adages, and maxims commonly used in popular speech in the United States and Canada. As the first major collection of proverbs in the English language based on oral sources rather than written sources, it includes thousands of uniquely American proverbs that have never before been recorded as well as many thousands of traditional sayings that have found their way into American speech from classical, biblical, British, continental European, and American literature.
This unparalleled collection will delight the general reader as well as the specialist. Collected here are nuggets of popular wisdom on all aspects of American life: weather, agriculture, geography, travel, money, business, food, neighbors, friends, manners, government, politics, law, health, education, religion, music, song, and dance.
Field work on the Dictionary was conducted over thirty years under the direction of the Committee on Proverbial Sayings of the American Dialect Society and resulted in 15,000 records of proverbial texts which have been edited for this collection. The result is an invaluable reference for general readers and students, as well as cultural historians, folklorists, linguists, anthropologists, sociologists, and scholars of literature.
Oxford University 2008 Dewey Dec. 973.91
This unique and authoritative collection contains over 1,100 of the most widely-used proverbs in English with research drawing on the Oxford English Corpus, the world’s largest language databank. Lively and compelling, this book is filled with favourites – old and new – and with the fascinating history of each proverb through the ages.
America’s Popular Sayings: Over 1600 Expressions on Topics from Beauty to Money and Everything in Between
Gramercy 2004 Dewey Dec. 398.9
From the phrase “forget and forgive” in the speech of Shakespeare’s King Lear to Hillary Clinton’s use of “It takes a village to raise a child,” this updated second edition of Titelman’s acclaimed collection of sayings is entertaining and educational for a wide variety of readers. With an alphabetical format and extensive subject index for quick reference, America’s Popular Sayings is comprehensive and easy to use. Unique for its focus on expressions found in America, this treasury contains detailed historical origins and more biblically inspired sayings than any other collection. Along with each of the 1,500 sayings and more than 10,000 citations, Titelman explores the origins and contemporary usage of scientific, historical, recreational, and patriotic expressions.
About 2,900 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “Reference Books”. Some Books: Reference Books for Children, Guide to Reference Books, Recommended Reference Books in Paperback, American Reference Books Annual 2009, Reference Books for Children’s Collections, Critical Guide to Catholic Reference Books, Reference Books for Small and Medium-sized Libraries, Guide to Reference Books for Islamic Studies, Subject Guide to Government Reference Books, Guide to Art Reference Books, many more free online reference books.
Balay, Robert, ed.
American Library Association 1992 Dewey Dec. 011
Nearly 16,000 entries provide details on general reference works and on reference books in the humanities, social and behavioral sciences, history and area studies, and science, technology, and medicine. Electronic resources are included.
Blazek, Ron, Aversa, Elizabeth
Libraries Unlimited 1988 Dewey Dec. 011
Updated and expanded to embrace new developments in the electronic environment and new emphases on multicultural and female influences and accomplishments, the fourth edition (3rd ed., 1988) of this guide to humanities information sources includes 1,250 major entries. Chapters cover general humanities, philosophy, religion, visual arts, performing arts, and language and literature. Organized as previous editions, the volume provides one chapter on sources and another on access for each area. The “sources” chapters have in-depth descriptions of both print and electronic tools; the “access” chapters relate to finding and retrieving information.
London: Facet 2008
“This version covers a wide range of information topics such as digital databanks and reference services, electronic journal collections, meta-search engines, networked information services, open archives and resource discovery services as well as the websites of both public and private sector organizations. A companion website will provide updates (and more) between volumes”
Free cookbooks pdf on our food page
Graff Hysell, Shannon
Libraries Unlimited 2009 Dewey Dec. 011.6
Based on the highly acclaimed reviews of American Reference Books Annual, RRB features only those resources that have been recommended for purchase by small and medium-sized academic, public, or school libraries. Written by over 200 subject specialists, the reviews will help librarians quickly identify the best, most affordable, and most appropriate new reference materials in any given field. All reviewer comments–both positive and negative–have been retained, since even recommended works may be weak in one respect or another. If your budget precludes ARBA, this tool will provide you with the necessary information for the development of your collection.
Hardy, Gayle J. and Robinson, Judith Schiek
Libraries Unlimited 1996 Dewey Dec. 025
This compendium helps readers identify and understand the scope of key government reference sources-traditional books (including publications catalogs and telephone directories); information clearinghouses; and materials in new formats, such as CD-ROMs, datafiles, and Internet sites. The authors focus on free information and depository materials – both readily available through toll-free phone numbers, mail or e-mail requests to agencies, or federal depository library collections. Materials are fully described in annotations that differentiate between similar materials, identify typical citation formats, and note common abbreviations
The Reader’s Adviser: The Best in General Reference Literature, the Social Sciences, History, and the Arts
Kaufman, Paula T., ed.
R.R. Bowker 1986 Dewey Dec. 016.3
Reference Books-General; Dictionaries; General Biography and Autobiography; Social Sciences; Education; Ancient History; United States History; Western Hemisphere – Canada and Latin America; British History; World History; Music and Dance; Art and Architecture; Mass Media; Folklore and Humor; Travel and Exploration
Kennedy, Scott E., ed.
American Library Association 1999 Dewey Dec. 011.6
“Intended as a guide for college and large secondary school libraries as well as for public libraries. Items are grouped in subject categories and further subdivided by type of reference source or other suitable subdivision. Sections were prepared by individual compilers or teams of compilers. Good annotations; coverage of various subject fields is unusually even for a work of this kind; index of names and titles.” -Guide to Ref Books
Kroeger, Alice Bertha and Mudge, Isadore Gilbert
American Library Association (A.L.A.) 1917 Dewey Dec. 011
Descriptions of hundreds of standard reference works covering every field of knowledge. Arranged by subject, it gives complete bibliographic data for each entry, is fully annotated and indexed. – A.L.A. Catalog 1926
Lang, Jovian and O’Gorman, Jack
Libraries Unlimited 2000
“You’ll find hundreds of quality reference sources in paperback-bibliographies, dictionaries, guides, and directories-in all subject areas, from botany and business to sports and zoology. For collection development and as a ready reference, this book is unparalleled.” – Publisher
The Indispensable Handbook for Anyone Who Needs To Know How and Where to Look Up Almost Anything
Dorset Press 1988
Provides the student with a guide to the kind of information afforded by various reference sources.