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Reformation Europe – 16th & 17th Centuries – Free eBooks

Free online books on European history during the Reformation and after, from about 1500 to 1700.

Includes early science, founding of the Jesuit order, world exploration, religious wars, early Protestantism, Renaissance women, the Baroque period, the Thirty Years’ War, Pre-industrial Europe, The Armada, Da Vinci, social and political ideas, Humanism, and many more themes.

Reformation Books Collection

About 1,400 books from the Internet Archive free online on the subject of Reformation. Some books: The Reformation and Protestant Reaction, The Reformation: a history, The Reformation in England, The Dividing of Christendom, The Reformation in Germany, The Catholic Reformation, England’s Earlies Protestants 1520-1535, The Renaissance and the Reformation, The Reformation in Recent Historical Thought, Erasmus and the Northern Renaissance, This is Luther: character study, The Counter Reformation, The Protestant Reformation in Europe, Lollardy and the Reformation in England, The Social Background of the Reformation, The Jesuits: a study in Counter-Reformation, many more books on the Reformation.

‘Collections’ take longer to appear on your screen than single books.  On a phone, only about 25 books in a collection may appear.

History of Europe 1517-1648 – Collection

About 45 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on History of Europe 1517-1648. Some books: Spain and the Empire, 1519-1643, Ottoman Imperialism during the Reformation, Historical Dictionary of the Elizabethan World, Reformation Europe, Letters Written by a Turkish Spy, The Transformation of Europe, Christendom Destroyed, the Fugger News-Letters, many more.

You may also like our collection of articles and podcasts about the history of Great Britain & Ireland, 1500-1800

17th Century Europe Books Collection

About 90 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “17th Century Europe”. Some books: Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Louis XIV, Shakespeare’s Cross-cultural Encounters, Universities and Society in Pre-industrial Britain, The Age of Discovery, Renaissance Culture and the Everyday, How the Reformation Happened, Rebels and Rulers 1500-1660, The Age of the Baroque 1610-1660, The Age of Power, The Dutch East India Company and the Economy of Bengal, The Expanding World, European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, The Age of Conversation, The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art, The Lure of Antiquity and the Cult of the Machine, The Magic Circle of Rudolf II, The Rise of the Great Powers 1648-1815, European Society 1500-1700, Cromwell, The French Wars of Religion, many more books about 17th Century Europe.

Age of Erasmus

Lectures delivered in the universities of Oxford and London

Allen, P.S.
1914 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The Adwert Academy – Schools – Monasteries – Universities – Erasmus’ life-work – Force and fraud – Private life and manners – The Point of view – Pilgrimages – The Transalpine Renaissance – Erasmus and the Bohemian Brethren

Centuries of Childhood

Aries, Philippe
1962 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The theme of this extraordinary book is the emergence of the modern conception of family life and the modern image of the nature of children. The discovery of childhood as a distinct phase of life, M. Aries shows, is a recent event. Until the end of the Middle Ages, the child was, almost as soon as he was weaned, regarded as a small adult, who mingled, competed, worked and played with mature adults. Only gradually did parents begin to encourage the separation of adults and children, and a new family attitude, oriented around the child and his education, appeared.” – Book jacket

History Of Geographical Discovery And Exploration

Baker, J.N.L.
1931 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Part 1: Before the 19th century: Mediterranean world – Middle Ages – The Arabs – Sea-route to the Far East – Columbus and his successors – Spaniards in the New World – Magellan and the Pacific Ocean to 1600 – Alternative routes to Asia – Terra Austalis and the Pacific Ocean, 1600-1800 – Asia, 1500-1800 – Africa 1500-1788 – America, 1550-1800.
Part 2: 19th century and after: Asia – Africa – America – Australasia and the East Indies – Ocean and polar exploration – Conclusion.

You may like our collection of free books on the history of the ancient world

Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (vol 1)

Braudel, Fernand
1977 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The focus of Fernand Braudel’s great work is the Mediterranean world in the second half of the sixteenth century, but Braudel ranges back in history to the world of Odysseus and forward to our time, moving out from the Mediterranean area to the New World and other destinations of Mediterranean traders. Braudel’s scope embraces the natural world and material life, economics, demography, politics, and diplomacy.” – Publisher

Structures of Everyday Life; the limits of the possible

Braudel, Fernand
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume 1 of the 3-volume series, “Civilization and Capitalism 15th-18th Century”.
This social and economic history of Europe from the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution organizes a multitude of details to paint a rich picture of everyday life.

Origin of the Jesuits

Brodrick, James , S.J
1940 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“The Society of Jesus, the largest religious order in the Catholic Church, has aroused violent emotions and conflicts from the very day it was founded. Praised by its friends as a brilliant and uncompromising bulwark of the Church, it has been as bitterly denounced by its enemies. Throughout its entire history, the Society has been in the forefront of any struggle involving the Church as her devoted champion.” – Book cover

Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science

Burtt, Edwin A.
1925 Dewey Dec. 940.2

To the medieval thinker, man was the center of creation and all of nature existed purely for his benefit. The shift from the philosophy of the Middle Ages to the modern view of humanity’s less central place in the universe ranks as the greatest revolution in the history of Western thought, and this classic in the philosophy of science describes and analyzes how that profound change occurred.
A fascinating analysis of the works of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Gilbert, Boyle, and Newton, it not only establishes the reasons for the triumph of the modern perspective, but also accounts for certain limitations in this view that continue to characterize contemporary scientific thought. A criticism as well as a history of the change that made possible the rise of modern science, this volume is also a guide to understanding the methods and accomplishments of the great philosopher-scientists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Introduction – Copernicus and Kepler – Galileo – Descartes – Seventeenth-century English philosophy – Gilbert and Boyle – The Metaphysics of Newton – Conclusion

The Origins of Modern Science, 1300-1800

Butterfield, Herbert
Macmillan 1957 Dewey Dec. 940.1

Contents: The historical importance of a theory of impetus – The conservatism of Copernicus – The study of the heart down to William Harvey – The downfall of Aristotle and Ptolemy – The experimental method in the seventeenth century – Bacon and Descartes – The effect of the scientific revolution on the non-mechanical sciences – The history of the modern theory of gravitation – The transition to the Philosophe movement in the reign of Louis XIV – The place of the scientific revolution in the history of western civilisation – The postponed scientific revolution in chemistry – Ideas of progress and ideas of evolution


Chadwick, Owen
1964 Dewey Dec. 940.2

In this volume of the “Pelican History of the Church” Professor Owen Chadwick deals with the formative work of Erasmus, Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, with the special circumstances of the English Reformation, and with the Jesuits and the Counter-Reformation.

History of the Christian Church since the Reformation

Cheetham, S.
1907 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Last struggles of the Reformation – The English church – The Roman church – Development of Protestantism – The Eastern church – Age of Reason – Shaking of the nations – The English-speaking churches – The Papacy and the Vatican Council – France and the Latin nations – The Teutonic and Scandinavian nations – The eastern church

Working Life of Women in the Seventeenth Century

Clark, Alice
1919 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Introductory – Capitalists – Agriculture – Textiles – Crafts And Trades – Professions – Conclusion

Armies and Societies in Europe 1494-1789

Corvisier, Andre
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

“One of France’s leading military historians examines European military history within the perspective of social and economic change… Just as European society changed greatly between 1494 and 1789, a fundamental change took place in the role of the military. During the ancien regime, the professional use of arms evolved from a private to a public institution and the military became the essential instrument of state power…” – Book jacket

Church and the Age of Reason 1648-1789

Cragg, Gerald R.
1960 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume in the “Penguin History of the Church” series. This span in the history of the Christian Church stretches from the age of religious and civil strife which existed before the middle of the seventeenth century to the age of industrialization and republicanism which followed the French Revolution and the begining of the Napoleonic wars.
Introduction : the new age – The church life of France under Louis XIV, 1648-1715 — The new age and its thought : 1648-1715 — Restoration and revolution in England, 1660-1714 — The watershed in English thought, 1660-1714 — Covenanters and moderates in Scotland — Germany : Orthodoxy, Pietism, and Rationalism — Russia and the Eastern churches — The Hanoverian Age in England — Methodism and the Evangelical Revival — England : The rise and fall of the cult of reason — Christianity in the new world — The church in France, 1715-89 — Church and state in the age of the enlightened despots — The high noon of Rationalism, and beyond — Christianity and culture in the Baroque Age –Epilogue.

Lectures on Modern History

Dalberg-Acton, John E. E.
1907 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Beginning Of The Modern State – The New World – The Renaissance – Luther – The Counter-Reformation – Calvin And Henry VIII – Philip II, Mary Stuart, And Elizabeth – The Huguenots And The League – Henry The Fourth And Richelieu – The Thirty Years’ War – The Puritan Revolution – The Rise Of The Whigs – The English Revolution – Lewis XIV – The War Of The Spanish Succession – The Hanoverian Settlement – Peter The Great And The Rise Of Prussia – Frederic The Great – The American Revolution

Women of the Renaissance

Dean, Ruth and Melissa Thomson
2005 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Women of the Renaissance brings to life the daily work and notable achievements of early modern women in their roles as wives and mothers, caregivers, workers, religious leaders, queens, rebels, pirates, scholars, writers and artists.
Introduction : worlds of the Renaissance — Wives, mothers, and caregivers — Women at work — Women in religious life — Women who filled the role of queen — Political leaders, rebels, and pirates — Women scholars and scientists — Women writers — Women artists

Counter Reformation

Dickens, Arthur Geoffrey
1969 Dewey Dec. 940.2

The reform of the Catholic Church in the sixteenth century was historically as important as the contemporary Protestant Reformation. Though never committed solely to fighting Protestantism, it inevitably also became a Counter Reformation, since it soon faced the threat created by Luther and his successors. The century between the career of Ignatius Loyola and that of Vincent de Paul became a classic age of Catholicism. The lives of its saints, popes and secular champions could hardly be made more fascinating by any novelist. While paying due attention to the great characters, the author also considers the broader political, social and cultural features of the Counter Reformation.
Critics And Controllers Of The Church, C. 1490-1530 – The Medieval Sources Of Catholic Revival – Augustine And Luther – Early Catholic Reformers And Champions – Religious Orders – Rise Of The Jesuits – Popes And Reform To 1545 – Council Of Trent To 1559 – Last Phase At Trent – Reformed Papacy And European Powers – Flowering Of The Catholic Reformation – Discussion

Age of Religious Wars, 1559-1689

Dunn, Richard S.
1979 Dewey Dec. 940.2

Volume in the “Norton History of Modern Europe”.
Calvinism versus Catholicism in Western Europe. Religion and politics ; Spain under Philip II ; The French wars of religion, 1562-1598 ; The revolt of the Netherlands ; Elizabethan England The decline of Spain — Political disintegration in Central and Eastern Europe. The Holy Roman Empire, 1555-1618 ; Eastern borderlands ; The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648 ; The rise of Austria and Brandenburg-Prussia — The psychology of limited wealth. Population ; Agriculture and industry ; Dutch commercial capitalism ; Property and privilege ; Women and witchcraft ; The price revolution ; Capitalism and Calvinism ; Mercantilism — Absolutism versus constitutionalism. The rise of French absolutism ; The Puritan revolution ; France under Louis XIV ; The Glorious Revolution — The century of genius. The scientific revolution ; Religious art in the Baroque age ; Five philosophical writers ; The golden age of English, Spanish, and French drama — Toward a new balance of power. The west European wars of 1688-1713 ; The east European wars of 1683-1721 ; Peter the Great ; Europe in 1715.

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