American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln as President; U.S. History 1861-1865. Harriet Tubman, Underground Railroad, Emancipation of the Slaves, Nurses in the Civil War, Sherman’s March to the Sea, Civil War Home Front, Military Prisons, U.S. Sanitary Commission, Civil War battles. Free ebooks.
U.S. History Book Pages on Century Past
About 80 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “United States – Politics & Government – 1861-1865”. Be patient as the page loads. Some books: Lincoln and the Border States: preserving the union, The Outbreak of the Civil War, The Fall of the Confederacy and the End of Slavery, Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation, The Lincoln Assassination, The Hidden Civil War: the story of the Copperheads, The Congressman’s Civil War, The Coming Fury, 366 Days in Abraham Lincoln’s Presidency, William Henry Seward, The Crisis of the Union, The Election of 1860, many more books on Politics and Government.
‘Collections’ take longer to appear on your screen than single books. On a phone, only about 25 books in a collection may appear.
About 700 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “American Civil War (1861-1865)”. Some books: Illustrated Atlas of the Civil War, Studies in the Literature of the American Civil War, The Negro’s Civil War, The American Civil War: a military history, Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War, Civil War Medicine, Grant: a biography, Arms and Equipment of the Confederacy, Robert Gould Shaw and his Brave Black Regiment, The Life of Billy Yank: the common soldier of the Union, Spies and Spymasters of the Civil War, Grant Moves South, John Ransom’s Andersonville Diary, How the South Could Have Won the Civil War, A Civil War Doctor, many more books on the Civil War.
250 books on the Civil War contributed to the Internet Archive by the New York Public Library. They appear to mostly be regimental histories. Some books: Tennessee in the War 1861-1865, Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers, The Wild Riders of the First Kentucky Cavalry, The Patriotism of Illinois, History of the 90th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, History of the First Regiment of Delaware Volunteers, The History of the State of Georgia from 1850 to 1881, Reminiscences of the Guilford Grays, many more books about the Civil War.
About 200 free online books at the Internet Archive, resulting from a search for books on “U.S. Civil War Campaigns (1861-1865)”. Some books: Lee’s Lieutenants: a study in command, The Naval History of the Civil War, Civil War Battles and Leaders, Sherman: merchant of terror, advocate of peace, The Military Genius of Stonewall Jackson, Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, Civil War Reader 1862, The Battle of Antietam, The Politics of Command, The Wilderness to Cold Harbor May-June 1864, Red River Campaign: politics and cotton in the Civil War, many more books on the Civil War.
About 110 books from the Internet Archive free online on the subject of Confederate States of America – History. Some books: The Day of the Confederacy, The Confederate Nation 1861-1865, The Confederate Reader, The Story of the South as the Confederacy, A History of the Southern Confederacy, The Road to Appomattox, Confederate Military History (many volumes), History of the Confederate States of America, many more books on the Confederacy.
Alcott, Louisa May
Boston: Roberts 1885 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“Several years before Louisa May Alcott created “Little Women” (1868), her most well- known novel, she worked as a nurse at a soldiers’ hospital in Washington, D.C., during the Civil War. Drawing on that experience, Alcott wrote ‘Hospital Sketches’ (1863), a vivid account that offers rich insights into women’s wartime roles, the shocking conditions in soldiers’ hospitals, the lives of the soldiers themselves, and the racial prejudice of the time. Alice Fahs’s introduction supplies biographical, literary, and historical context for Alcott’s work.” -Publisher
Contents: Obtaining supplies — A forward movement — A day — A night — Off duty — A postscript — The King of Clubs and the Queen of Hearts — Mrs. Podgers’ teapot — My contraband — Love and loyalty — A modern Cinderella — The Blue and the Gray — A hospital Christmas — An hour.
Andrews, Matthew Page, comp.
Baltimore: Norman, Remington 1920 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“The following pages depict the life of the southern people within the lines of the Confederacy during the four years of its storm-tossed existence. The greater part of the material is given in the words of those who were a part of the times in which they lived …[Editorial notes were added that] bar upon related events of larger historical import…” -Author’s Preface
Contents: (15 of 34 chapter headings are shown here) Genius of the southern woman – Wartime experiences of Elizabeth Waring Duckett; interviews with Lincoln and encounters with Stanton – The publication and singing of “My Maryland” – Excerpts from the diary of Judith Brockenbrough McGuire – Caring for wounded foes – Mrs. Betsy Sullivan, “Mother of the First Tennessee Regiment” – Capture and imprisonment of Mrs. William Kirby – Mrs. Betty Taylor Philips, “mother” of the “Orphan Brigade” – Captain Sally Tompkins, C.S.A. – The Florence Nightingale of the South – A night on the field of battle – The ride of Roberta Pollock – The diary of Mrs. Judith Brockenbrough McGuire (continued) – A last song in a burning home
Ash, Steven V.
Norton 2007 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“In March 1863, nine hundred black Union soldiers, led by white officers, invaded Florida and seized the town of Jacksonville. They were among the first African American troops in the Northern army, and their expedition into enemy territory was like no other in the Civil War. It was intended as an assault on slavery by which thousands would be freed. At the center of the story is prominent abolitionist Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, who led one of the regiments. After waging battle for three weeks, Higginson and his men were mysteriously ordered to withdraw, their mission a seeming failure. Yet their successes in resisting the Confederates and collaborating with white Union forces persuaded President Abraham Lincoln to begin full-scale recruitment of black troops, a momentous decision that helped turned the tide of the war.” -Publisher
Contents: Port Royal Island, South Carolina : January 1, 1863 — Port Royal Island and the St. Mary’s river : January 2-February 15 — Hilton Head : February 16 — From Port Royal Island to Jacksonville : February 17-March 10 — Jacksonville : March 10-20 — Jacksonville, the East Bank, and Palatka : March 20-27 — Jacksonville and the West Bank : March 27-29 — The aftermath.
See our links to historic photo & image collections of war
A Virginia Girl in the Civil War, 1861-1865; being a record of the actual experiences of the wife of a Confederate officer
Avary, Myrta Lockett, ed.
NY: Appleton 1903 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The author tells of her many travels across the war-torn South, her capture behind enemy lines, her encounter with the famous Belle Boyd, her friendship with the dashing general J E B Stuart, and the devastation suffered by the citizens of Richmond in the last days of the Confederacy.
Contents: (15 of 27 chapter headings) Home life in a southern harbor – How I met Dan Grey – The first days of the Confederacy – The realities of war – I meet Belle Boyd and see Dick in a new light – SA faithful slave and a hospital ward – Traveling through Dixie in war times – By flag of truce – I make up my mind to run the blockade – I cross the country in an ambulance and the Pamunkey on a lighter – The old order – A dangerous masquerade – A last farewell – The little Jew boy and the provost’s deputy – I fall in the hands of the enemy
Barney, William L.
Praeger 1975 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The author “poses two central questions about the Civil War: How was the South able to hold out for so long against the far greater strength of the North? And why did the Northern victory perpetuate, rather than eradicate, the flaws of the antebellum Union?” -Book cover
Contents: The people’s war — The ideology of victory — The Confederacy : a society at war — The black man’s war — Lincoln’s republic.
Beers, Henry Putney
Washington: National Archives and Records Administration 1986 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The second of two volumes originally prepared in the 1960s by the National Archives as part of a Civil War Centennial commemoration, and re-issued in the 1980s. The first volume, ‘The Union: A Guide to Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War’, is also on this web page.
Contents: General records of the Confederate states government — Congress — The judiciary — The presidency — Department of state — Department of the treasury — War department — Navy department — Post office department — Department of justice — Records compiled by the U.S. war department — Appendixes. War department collection of Confederate records — List of record groups containing Confederate records — Index.
Beers, Henry Putney and Munden, Kenneth W., eds.
National Archives and Records Administration 1986 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The first of two volumes originally prepared in the 1960s by the National Archives as part of a Civil War Centennial commemoration, and re-issued in the 1980s. The second volume, ‘The Confederacy: A Guide to Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War’, is also on this web page.
Contents: General records of the United States government — Congress — The judiciary — The presidency — Department of state — Department of the treasury — War department — Office of the attorney general — Post office department — Department of the navy — Department of the interior — Department of agriculture — Miscellaneous agencies — Appendix: list of record groups containing federal records relating to the Civil war — Index.
See our collection of vintage articles on historical and military topics
Cornell University 1969 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“Reconstruction as a problem that concerned both the President and Congress from the beginning of the war is the subject of this valuable addition to Civil War literature. Focusing on the theories and policies, the attitudes and actions, of the executive and legislative branches in Washington, and treating peripherally efforts in the several southern states, the author views from a new perspective the entire struggle over rebuilding the Union.” -Book jacket
Contents: Reconstructing the Union, 1861 – War aims and Reconstruction: The Congressional session of July 1861 – Reconstruction as territorialization – Plans for territorialization in Congress – A new phase of Reconstruction – Presidential Reconstruction – Congressional Reconstruction – The Wade-Davis Bill – Compromise attempted – Reconstructing the Union, April 1865 – Bibliographical essay
History of a disaster where over one thousand five hundred human beings were lost, most of them exchanged prisoners of war on their way home after privation and suffering from one to twenty-three months in Cahaba and Andersonville prisons
Berry, Rev. Chester D.
Lansing: Thorp 1892 Dewey Dec. 973.7
This is mainly a collection of many first-person accounts by survivors, and also includes a roster of the exchanged prisoners of war on the boat.
Botts, John Minor
NY: Harper 1866 Dewey Dec. 973.7
John Minor Botts (1802-1869) was a politician, planter and lawyer from Virginia, who was a prominent supporter of the Union during the Civil War. First elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1838, he vehemently opposed the extension of slavery into the territories, even though he himself was a slave-owner. He spent the war living on his Virginia farm, where he wrote letters in support of the union. He was arrested in 1862 and confined without trial for eight weeks for espousing Unionist views. This history draws heavily upon Botts’s own experience as a participant in and close observer of southern politics for decades prior to the Civil War, and is a reminder of the disagreement among southern leaders and politicians about secession.
Burgess, John William
1901 Dewey Dec. 973.7
A clear study of the war and of the various constitutional and political questions connected with it. Contains maps. “Meant chiefly for students of political science; and . . . these will find much of interest in Professor Burgess’s discussions of various questions, and in his judgments of persons.” American Historical Review
Contents: 1. Davis, Lincoln and Douglas 2. Anti-Slavery Sentiment in the South between 1857 and 1860 3. The Presidential Election of 1860 4. Secession 5. The Inauguration of Lincoln and the Condition of the Government he was called to Administer 6. The Attempt of the Southern Confederacy to Negotiate with the Government of the United States 7. The Capture of Fort Sumter and the Call to Arms 8. The Three Months’ War 9. Preparations for the Three Years’ War 10. The Military Movements in the Late Summer and Autumn of 1861 11. Mill Springs, Fort Henry, Donelson, Shiloh, Pea Ridge, and Island No. 10
Doubleday 1953 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for nonfiction. Concluding volume of trilogy which began with Mr. Lincoln’s Army (1951) and Glory Road (1952). This final volume covers the period from early 1864 to April 1865. “The author’s approach is judicious, his interpretation unbiased and his coverage comprehensive… A magnificent piece of writing.” NY Times book review.
Contents: Glory is out of date — Roads leading south — One more river to cross — White iron on the anvil — Away, you rolling river — Endless road ahead.
See our links to free collections of historical U.S. maps
Little, Brown 2004 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Every schoolchild knows of Harriet Tubman’s heroic escape and resistance to slavery. But few readers are aware that Tubman went on to be a scout, a spy, and a nurse for the Union Army, because there has never before been a serious biography for an adult audience of this important woman. This is that long overdue historical work, written by an acclaimed historian of the antebellum era and the Civil War. Illiterate but deeply religious, Tubman left her family in her early 20s to escape to Philadelphia, then a hotbed of abolitionism.There she became the first and only woman, fugitive slave, and black to work as a conductor on the Underground Railroad. So successful was she in spiriting away slaves that the state of Maryland put a $40,000 bounty on her head. Within a year of starting her work, fellow slaves and Northerners began referring to Tubman as ‘Moses’ because of how many people she had freed. With impeccable scholarship that draws on newly available sources and research into the daily lives of slaves, HARRIET TUBMAN is an enduring work on one of the most important figures in American history.
Contents: Remembering Harriet Tubman — Born into bondage — Coming of age in the land of Egypt — Crossing over to freedom — In a free state — The Liberty lines — The Moses of her people — Canadian exile — Trouble in Canaan — Crossroads at Harpers Ferry — Arise, Brethren — Bittersweet victories — Final battles.
Connelly, Thomas Lawrence and Jones, Archer
Louisiana State University 1973 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The Politics of Command reevaluates the continual controversy over strategy that occurred between Jefferson Davis and his high command, and within the command itself. Thomas Lawrence Connelly and Archer Jones illustrate how Davis’ decisions were affected by officers in the field, politicians, the considerable clout of the western bloc and its network of informal associations, the input of Robert E. Lee, the pressure brought to bear by P.G.T. Beauregard, and Davis’ own changing concept of the departmental command system. Connelly and Jones were the first to realize that any significant assessment of Davis’ strategy must examine those who influenced him, for his key decisions were products of the politics of command.
Contents: The European inheritance — Robert E. Lee and Confederate strategy — The western concentration bloc — Davis as generalissimo : the Confederate departmental system — The ghost of Beauregard — The politics of command
with the casualties on both sides and full and exhaustive statistics and tables of the army and navy, military prisons, national cemeteries, etc.
Cooper, Charles R., comp.
Milwaukee: Caxton 1904 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“compiled from the official records of the War Department and Confederate Archives, Washington, D.C.”
Contents: Alphabetical record (Army, Navy) – Chronological record (Army, Navy) – Cemeteries – Commanding generals of important battles – Mortuary statistics – Mortuary statistics by states – Number of men furnished by each state – Table of casualties – Preface – Regimental statistics of losses in the principal events – Victories and defeats
Craughwell, Thomas J.
Harvard Univ. 2006 Dewey Dec. 973.7
On the night of the presidential election in 1876, a gang of counterfeiters out of Chicago attempted to steal the entombed embalmed body of Abraham Lincoln and hold it for ransom. The custodian of the tomb was so shaken by the incident that he willingly dedicated the rest of his life to protecting the president’s corpse. In a lively and dramatic narrative, Thomas J. Craughwell returns to this bizarre, and largely forgotten, event with the first book to place the grave robbery in historical context. He takes us through the planning and execution of the crime and the outcome of the investigation. He describes the reactions of Mary Todd Lincoln and Robert Todd Lincoln to the theft–and the peculiar silence of a nation. He follows the unlikely tale of what happened to Lincoln’s remains after the attempted robbery, and details the plan devised by the Lincoln Guard of Honor to prevent a similar abominable recurrence. Along the way, Craughwell offers entertaining sidelights on the rise of counterfeiting in America and the establishment of the Secret Service to combat it; the prevalence of grave robberies; the art of nineteenth-century embalming; and the emergence among Irish immigrants of an ambitious middle class–and a criminal underclass. This rousing story of hapless con men, intrepid federal agents, and ordinary Springfield citizens who honored their native son by keeping a valuable, burdensome secret for decades offers a riveting glimpse into late-nineteenth-century America, and underscores that truth really is sometimes stranger than fiction.
Contents: Prologue: “Lay My Remains in Some Quiet Place” – The World of the Counterfeiters – Big Jim’s Kennally’s Big Idea – The Boss Body Snatchers of Chicago – “The Devils Are Up Here” – The Body in the Basement – “The Tools of Smarter Men” – The Lincoln Guard of Honor – A Pullman-Style Burial – Epilogue: Safe and Secure at Last
Cumming, Kate; edited by Richard Barksdale Harwell
Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University 1959 Dewey Dec. 973.7
This fascinating journal of Kate Cumming, one of the first women to offer her services for the care of the South’s wounded soldiers of the bloody Civil War, represents a detailed record of her activities and thoughts as a nurse. Spanning the time she was assigned to her first post in Okolona, Mississippi in April 186, working under Doctor S. H. Stout, a progressive military physician committed to the employment of women in hospitals, until May 29, 1865, this book provides a solid look behind the lines of Civil War action in depicting civilian attitudes, army medical practices, and the administrative workings of the Confederate hospital system.
Contents: Okolona, Corinth – Okolona – Mobile – Ringgold, Dalton, Chattanooga – Chattanooga, Mobile – Kingston, Cherokee Springs – Atlanta, Newnan – Newnan, Mobile – West Point, Americus, Macon – Mobile – Griffin – Newnan – Mobile
Daniel, Larry J.
Eastern National Park and Monument Association 1998 Dewey Dec. 973.5
National Park guide to the battle and the battlefield. It provides a narrative of the battle for the general reader, with ample maps and illustrations.
Vintage 1988 Dewey Dec. 973.7
In November 1864, just days after the reelection of President Abraham Lincoln, Gen. William T. Sherman vowed to “make Georgia howl.” The hero of Shiloh and his 65,000 Federal troops destroyed the great city of Atlanta, captured Savannah, and cut a wide swath of destruction through Georgia and the Carolinas on their way to Virginia. A scorched-earth campaign that continues to haunt the Southern imagination, Sherman’s “March to the Sea” and ensuing drive north was a crucial turning point in the War between the States.
Weaving together hundreds of eyewitness accounts, bestselling author Burke Davis tells the story of this infamous episode from the perspective of the Union soldiers and the Confederate men and women who stood in their path. Eloquent, heartrending, and vastly informative, Sherman’s March brilliantly examines one of the most polarizing figures in American military history and offers priceless insights into the enduring legacy of the Civil War.
Contents: (10 of 27 chapter headings) “He believes in hard war” – “I can make Georgia howl!” – “I’ll have to harden my heart” – “The most gigantic pleasure expedition” – “We never wanted to fight” – “Our degradation was bitter” – “I don’t war on women and children” – “Even the sun seemed to hide its face” – “An inhuman barbarous proceeding” – “I’ve got Savannah!”
Don’t Know Much about the Civil War: Everything You Need to Know about America’s Greatest Conflict but Never Learned
Davis, Kenneth C.
William Morrow 1996 Dewey Dec. 973.7
“Davis gives readers everything they “need to know” about the Civil War – and not just the battles. With his deft wit and unconventional style, Davis sorts out the players, the politics, and the key events. Drawing on the moving eyewitness accounts of the people who lived through the war, he brings the reader into the world of the ordinary men and women who made history – the human side of the story that the textbooks never tell.” Book jacket.
Contents: The Wolf by the Ears ” — “Fire-bell in the Night” — “The Edge of the Precipice– 1861: “In Dixie land, I’ll Take My Stand” — 1862: “Let Us Die to Make Men Free” — 1863: “The Great Task Remaining” — 1864-1865: “All the force Possible…” — Aftermath — Afterword
Davis, William C.
Doubleday 1977 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Davis writes of the first major engagement of the Civil War, a battle won by the inexperienced Confederates who routed the unseasoned Union troops and sent them slogging back to Washington in full retreat. Davis talks about people and what they were as well as about what they did. He follows Confederate and Union troops as they inched toward confrontation, talks about the faults and assets and quirks of leaders and men, describes things as they happened. – Pub Wkly
“A thoroughly researched narrative that is likely to remain the standard work for some time.” -Choice
Contents: An army in the making – The “Southrons” gather – “Three Years or the War” – The young Napoleon – McDowell plans a campaign – The march to Bull Run – The Battle of Blackburn’s Ford – Shadows in the Shenandoah – McDowell’s “victory” – “Trust to the bayonet” – “A tale of defeat” – Rout and resolution
De Fontaine, F. G.
Columbia, SC: War Record 1896-97 Dewey Dec. 973.7
This is a re-publication of a series of letters that Fontaine, a journalist, published during the war. These were all written from various locations in the south between February and June, 1861.
See our collected articles about U.S. History in the 19th Century
Harcourt 2001 Dewey Dec. 973.7
Original and deeply human, this tense and surprising story, filled with indecisive bureaucrats, uninformed leaders, hotheaded politicians, and dedicated soldiers, is a clear and intimate portrait of the prolonged drama that unfolded at Fort Sumter and incited the first shot of the Civil War on April 12, 1861.
The six-month-long agony that began with Lincoln’s election in November sputtered from one crisis to the next, and finally exploded as the soldiers at Sumter neared starvation. With little help from Washington, D.C., Major Robert Anderson, a soldier whose experience had taught him above all that war is the poorest form of policy, almost single-handedly forestalled the beginning of the war until he finally had no choice but to fight.
Skillfully re-created from a decade of extensive research, Allegiance exposes the passions that led to the fighting, the sober reflections of the man who restrained its outbreak, and the individuals on both sides who changed American history forever.
Contents: Asunder — A gentle man — Salad days — The fulcrum — Twilight of the old union — Commanders and chief — Slim picking, Stout Fort — Eventide — Dueling flags — The wolf at the door — Hostages — The boys on the beach — Takes two to tango, but one can do the twist all alone — The yellow brick road — That little bridge — A mere point of honor — Ashes and dust — Mystic chords of memory: a postscript.
Donald, David H.
Collier 1962 Dewey Dec. 973.7
What led to the downfall of the Confederacy? The distinguished professors of history represented in this volume examine the following crucial factors in the South’s defeat:
ECONOMIC—RICHARD N. CURRENT of the University of Wisconsin attributes the victory of the North to fundamental economic superiority so great that the civilian resources of the South were dissipated under the conditions of war.
MILITARY—T. HARRY WILLIAMS of Louisiana State University cites the deficiencies of Confederate strategy and military leadership, evaluating the influence on both sides of Baron Jomini, a 19th-century strategist who stressed position warfare and a rapid tactical offensive.
DIPLOMATIC—NORMAN A. GRAERNER of the University of Illinois holds that the basic reason England and France decided not to intervene on the side of the South was simply that to have done so would have violated the general principle of non-intervention to which they were committed.
SOCIAL—DAVID DONALD of Columbia University offers the intriguing thesis that an excess of Southern democracy killed the Confederacy. From the ordinary man in the ranks to Jefferson Davis himself, too much emphasis was placed on individual freedom and not enough on military discipline.
POLITICAL—DAVID M. POTTER of Stanford University suggests that the deficiencies of President Davis as a civil and military leader turner the balance, and that the South suffered from the lack of a second well-organized political party to force its leadership into competence.
Contents: Forward / David Herbert Donald — The defeat of the Confederacy : an overview / Henry Steele Commager — God and the strongest battalions / Richard N. Current — The military leadership of north and south / T. Harry Williams — Northern diplomacy and European neutrality / Norman A. Graebner — Died of democracy / David Herbert Donald — Jefferson Davis and the political factors in Confederate defeat / David M. Potter.
Dornbusch, Charles Emil
NY: New York Public Library 1961-1972 Dewey Dec. 973.7
This is a 6-part work (all parts at this href=”https://archive.org/stream/pictorialhistorywils#page/n7/mode/2up”) which covers Civil War histories of 17 participating northern states. According to the compiler’s Preface, every battery and regiment in those states is listed, and arranged numerically by arm of service – Artillery, Cavalry and Infantry. Any publications that could be associated with a particular battery or regiment are listed under that unit, including regimental histories, personal narratives, reunion proceedings, unit rosters and even sermons preached at soldiers’ funerals. Personal narratives by individuals who served under more than one unit are found under the unit of their first service. Parts are:
II. New York
III. New England states
IV. New Jersey and Pennsylvania
V. Indiana and Ohio
VI. Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin
Dunning, William Archibald
NY: MacMillan 1904 Dewey Dec. 973.7
The author was a professor of history at Columbia University, and the essays collected here were his own.
Contents: The Constitution of the U.S. in Civil War – The Constitution of the U.S. in reconstruction – Military government during reconstruction – The process of reconstruction – The impeachment and trial of President Johnson – Are the states equal under the Constitution? – The undoing of reconstruction